OTN – Lesson 11 – Tandem Connection Monitoring Multi-Administrative Domain Defect Analysis – Part TWO

This blog post contains the second of two videos that analyzes how the Multi-Administrative Domain uses Tandem Connection Monitoring to respond to service-affecting defects within an ODU signal passing through it.

Lesson 11 – Video 11 – Tandem Connection Monitoring (TCM) Multi-Administrative Domain Defect Analysis – Part TWO

This blog post contains a video covering the second (and final) part of the Multi-Administrative Domain Walk-Through when defects are occuring.

In particular, this video discusses how the Multi-Administrative Domain will respond to the presence of defects.

During this video, we are going to analyze the Multi-Administrative Domain’s response to the following two cases.

Case 2 – Whenever a Service-Affecting defect occurs within Serving Operator Domain – Operator B, and

Case 3 – Whenever a Service-Affecting defect occurs within the Protect Domain.

NOTE: We analyzed Case 1 (Service-Affecting defect occurs within the ODU signal, but outside of any of the administrative regions) in the previous video.

As we analyze the Multi-Administrative Domain’s response to these defects (for Cases 2 and 3), we will cover the following topics:

  • What exactly occurs within an ODU signal that experiences a service-affecting defect?
  • How do ODU-layer, ODUT-layer and OTU-layer circuitry respond to such defects?
  • How do the circuitry within each of these Administrative Domains respond to the service-affecting defects, associated with Cases 2 and 3?
  • What does the Path Terminating Equipment (at the remote-terminal) do in response to these service-affecting defects?

This video will close out our discussion of Lesson 11 – Tandem Connection Monitoring.

Check Out the Video Below.

Continue reading “OTN – Lesson 11 – Tandem Connection Monitoring Multi-Administrative Domain Defect Analysis – Part TWO”

OTN – Lesson 11 – Tandem Connection Monitoring Multi-Administrative Domain Defect Analysis – Part ONE

This blog post contains the first of two videos that analyzes how the Multi-Administrative Domain uses Tandem Connection Monitoring to respond to service-affecting defects within the ODU signal passing through it.

Lesson 11 – Video 10 – TCM Multi-Administrative Domain Defect Analysis – Part ONE

This blog post contains a video covering the first part of the Multi-Administrative Domain Walk-Through when defects are occurring.

In particular, this video discusses how the Multi-Administrative Domain will respond to the presence of defects.

During this video, we are assuming that we are experiencing a service-affecting defect within the ODU signal (that passes through the Multi-Administrative Domain). However, in this case, we are assuming that the defect occurs outside of any of the administrative regions. As we analyze the Multi-Administrative Domain’s response to this defect, we will cover the following topics:

  • What exactly occurs within an ODU signal that experiences a service-affecting defect.
  • How do ODU-layer, ODUT-layer, and OTU-layer circuitry respond to such defects?
  • How does each Administrative Domain respond to the presence of a service-affect defect outside of the Service-Requesting (or any other Domain), using Tandem Connection Monitoring?
  • What does the Path Terminating Equipment (at the remote-terminal) do in response to this service-affecting defect?

I hope that the student will better understand Tandem Connection Monitoring as we go through this and the next video.

Check Out the Video Below.

Continue reading “OTN – Lesson 11 – Tandem Connection Monitoring Multi-Administrative Domain Defect Analysis – Part ONE”

OTN – Lesson 11 – Tandem Connection Monitoring Multi-Administration Domain Walk-Thru – Part TWO

This post serves as Part TWO (and the Final Part) for the Multi-Administrative Domain Walk Through and Analysis for our study of Tandem Connection Monitoring.

Lesson 11 – Video 9 – TCM Multi-Administration Domain Walk Through – Part TWO

This blog post contains a video that covers the second (and final) part of the Multi-Administrative Domain Walk-Through.

In particular, this video covers the following topics:

  • Part TWO of our Multi-Administration Domain Walk-Through (using our knowledge of TCM-related atomic functions to analyze this network).

In particular, this post covers the following parts of the Multi-Administration Domain Walk-Through.

  • Initializing the Serving Operating Domain (Operator B) – TCM Level 3
  • Terminating the Serving Operating Domain (Operator B) – TCM Level 3
  • Initalizing the Serving Operating Domain (Operator C) – TCM Level 3
  • Initializing the Protect Domain – TCM Level 4
  • Terminating the Protect Domain – TCM Level 4
  • Terminating the Serving Operating Domain (Operator C) – TCM Level 3
  • Terminating the Leased Service Serving Operator Domain – TCM Level 2
  • Terminating the Service Requesting Domain – TCM Level 1

This video serves as Part TWO (and the Final Part) of our Multi-Administration Domain Walk-Through and Analysis.

Check Out the Video Below.

Continue reading “OTN – Lesson 11 – Tandem Connection Monitoring Multi-Administration Domain Walk-Thru – Part TWO”

OTN – Lesson 11 – Tandem Connection Monitoring Controller and Multi-Administration Domain Walk-Thru – Part ONE

This blog post briefly introduces the Tandem Connection Monitoring Controller Atomic Function. This post also serves as Part ONE for the Multi-Administrative Domain Walk Through and Analysis.

Lesson 11 – Video 8 – TCM Controller and Multi-Administration Domain Walk-Through – Part ONE

This blog post contains a video that covers the first part of the Multi-Administrative Domain Walk-Through.

In particular, this video covers the following topics:

  • An Introduction to the TCM (Tandem Connection Monitoring) Controller Atomic Function
  • An Overview of What We Have Covered thus far – In Lesson 11, and Where We’re Going
  • Introduction to Compound (Atomic Functions)
    • Definition/Introduction to the Source Compound Function
    • Definition/Introduction to the Sink Compound Function
  • Part ONE of our Multi-Administration Domain Walk-Through (using our knowledge of TCM-related atomic functions to analyze this network).

In particular, this post covers the following parts of the Multi-Administration Domain Walk-Through.

  • Initializing the Service Requesting Domain – TCM Level 1
  • How We Initialize the Leased Service Serving Operator Domain – TCM Level 2
  • Initializing the Serving Operating Domain (Operator A) – TCM Level 3
  • Terminating the Serving Operating Domain (Operator A) – TCM Level 3

This video serves as Part ONE of our Multi-Administration Domain Walk-Through and Analysis.

Check Out the Video Below

Continue reading “OTN – Lesson 11 – Tandem Connection Monitoring Controller and Multi-Administration Domain Walk-Thru – Part ONE”

OTN – Lesson 11 – Tandem Connection Monitoring – Sink Atomic Functions – Video 5

This blog post includes a video that discusses both the ODUTm_TT_Sk (Non-Intrusive Monitoring) Function and the ODUT/ODU_A_Sk Atomic Function. This is the last blog post to describe and define the TCM-related Atomic Functions.

Lesson 11 – Video 7 – Tandem Connection Monitoring – ODUTm_TT_Sk and ODUT/ODU_A_Sk Atomic Functions

This blog post contains a video that covers the fifth part of the Sink Direction Tandem Connection Monitoring (TCM) related Atomic Functions.

In particular, this video covers the following two atomic functions:

  • ODUTm_TT_Sk (Atomic Function for Non-Intrusive Monitoring – TCM Applications), and
  • ODUT/ODU_A_Sk

More specifically, this video covers the following aspects of each of these Atomic Functions.

  • ODUTm_TT_Sk Atomic Function
    • Applications in which we would use the ODUTm_TT_Sk Atomic Function (e.g., Non-Intrusive Monitoring for TCM Subnetworks)
    • A brief overview of this function’s capabilities and attributes
    • How this function differs from the ODUT_TT_Sk Atomic Function.
      • When the ODUT_TT_Sk Function is operating in the OPERATIONAL Mode
      • If the ODUT_TT_Sk Function is operating in the MONITOR Mode, and
      • When the ODUT_TT_Sk Function is operating in the TRANSPARENT Mode
  • ODUT/ODU_A_Sk Atomic Function
    • Where this function fits into the Tandem Connection Monitoring Network
    • The Architecture/Functionality of the ODUT/ODU_A_Sk Function
      • Operation in the various TCM Modes (e.g., OPERATIONAL and MONITOR/TRANSPARENT).
      • The Protection Port (for Automatic Protection Switching support).
      • The Removal Block – How this function terminates the “Selected TCMOH and APS/PCC field”.
      • Replacing the Normal ODU signal (carrying client data) with either the ODU-AIS or ODU-LCK Maintenance Signals.
      • Asserting CI_SSF and CI_SSD in response to upstream defect conditions.

This video completes our discussion/review of the TCM-related Atomic Functions.

Check Out the Video Below.

Continue reading “OTN – Lesson 11 – Tandem Connection Monitoring – Sink Atomic Functions – Video 5”

OTN – Lesson 11 – Tandem Connection Monitoring – Sink Atomic Functions – Video 4

This blog post presents the fourth and final video of the ODUT_TT_Sk Atomic Function. This video discusses how the ODUT_TT_Sk function supports Performance Monitoring at TCM Level i.

Lesson 11 – Video 6 – Tandem Connection Monitoring – ODUT_TT_Sk Atomic Function, Part FOUR

This blog post contains a video that covers the fourth part of the Sink Direction Tandem Connection Monitoring (TCM) related Atomic Functions.

In particular, this video covers the fourth part of the ODUT_TT_Sk Atomic Function.

More specifically, this video covers the following Performance Monitoring parameters, that the ODUT_TT_Sk Atomic Function generates.

  • TCMi-pN_DS (TCM Level i, Near-End Defect Seconds)
  • TCMi-pF_DS (TCM Level i, Far-End Defect Seconds)
  • TCMi-pN_EBC (TCM Level i, Near-End Error-Block Count)
  • TCMi-pF_EBC (TCM Level i, Far-End Error-Block Count)
  • pN_delay – TCM Level i, Round-Trip Subnetwork Delay

This video also briefly describes the functionality of the ODUT_TT_Sk Atomic Function, whenever it has been configured to operate in both the:

  • Monitor Mode, and
  • Transparent Mode

This video completes our discussion of the ODUT_TT_Sk Atomic Function.

Check Out the Video Below.

Continue reading “OTN – Lesson 11 – Tandem Connection Monitoring – Sink Atomic Functions – Video 4”

OTN – Lesson 11 – Tandem Connection Monitoring – Sink Atomic Functions – Video 3

This blog post includes a video that serves as the 3rd (of our 4 Videos) that discusses the ODUT_TT_Sk Atomic Function. This video focuses on the TCMi-dDEG (Signal Degrade) defect condition, Defect Correlation and Consequent Equations.

Lesson 11 – Video 5 – Tandem Connection Monitoring – ODUT_TT_Sk Atomic Function, Part THREE

This blog post contains a video that covers the third part of the Sink Direction Tandem Connection Monitoring (TCM) related Atomic Functions.

In particular, this video covers the third part of the ODUT_TT_Sk Atomic Function.

More specifically, this video covers the following operations (within the ODUT_TT_Sk Atomic Function).

  • How the ODUT_TT_Sk Atomic Function declares and clears the TCMi-dDEG (Signal Degrade) defect condition
  • Defect Correlation within the ODUT_TT_Sk Atomic Function. This video reviews the following Defect Correlation Equations:
    • cSSF <- CI_SSF or dAIS;
    • cLTC <- dLTC and (NOT CI_SSF);
    • cOCI <- dOCI and (NOT CI_SSF);
    • cLCK <- dLCK and (NOT CI_SSF);
    • cTIM <- dTIM and (NOT CI_SSF) and (NOT dAIS) and (NOT dLTC) and (NOT dOCI) and (NOT dLCK);
    • cDEG <- dDEG and (NOT CI_SSF) and (NOT dAIS) and (NOT dLTC) and (NOT dOCI) and (NOT dLCK) and (NOT(dTIM and (NOT TIMActDis)));
    • cBDI <- dBDI and (NOT CI_SSF) and (NOT dAIS) and (NOT dLTC) and (NOT dOCI) and (NOT dLCK) and (NOT dTIM) and (NOT TIMActDis)));
  • Consequent Equations within the ODUT_TT_Sk Atomic Function. This video review the following Consequent Equations:
    • aBDI <- (CI_SSF or dAIS or dLTC or dOCI or dLCK or dTIM) and TCMCI_Mode != TRANSPARENT;
    • aBIAE <- dIAE and TCMCI_Mode != TRANSPARENT;
    • aTSF <- CI_SSF or ((dAIS or (dLTC and LTCAct_Enable) or dOCI or dLCK or (dTIM and (NOT TIMActDis))) and TCMCI_Mode == OPERATIONAL;
    • aTSD <- dDEG and TCMCI_Mode == OPERATIONAL;
    • aAIS <- (dOCI or (dLTC and LTCAct_Enable) or dLCK or (dTIM and (NOT TIMActDis))) and TCMCI_Mode == OPERATIONAL;
    • aBEI <- nBIPV and TCMCI_Mode != TRANSPARENT;

Check out the Video Below.

Continue reading “OTN – Lesson 11 – Tandem Connection Monitoring – Sink Atomic Functions – Video 3”

OTN – Lesson 11 – Tandem Connection Monitoring – Sink Atomic Functions – Video 1

This blog post contains video training that covers Introductory Material and the First Portion of the discussion of the ODUT_TT_Sk Atomic Function.

Lesson 11 – Video 3 – Tandem Connection Monitoring – ODUT_TT_Sk Atomic Function, Part ONE

This blog post contains a video that covers the initial part of the Sink-Direction Tandem Connection Monitoring (TCM) related Atomic Functions.

In particular, this video covers the first part of the ODUT_TT_Sk Atomic Function.  

More specifically, this video covers the following functions (within the ODUT_TT_Sk Atomic Function).

  • The Interfaces of the ODUT_TT_Sk Atomic Function
  • Near -End Error Checking – TCMi-BIP-8 Error Checking/Verification
    • TCMi-BEI Generation (in response to TCMi-BIP-8 Errors)
  • Far-End Error Checking – TCMi-BEI Checking
  • Defects
    • TCMi-BDI (Backward Defect Indicator) Defect Condition

Continue reading “OTN – Lesson 11 – Tandem Connection Monitoring – Sink Atomic Functions – Video 1”

OTN – Lesson 11 – Tandem Connection Monitoring – Source Atomic Functions

This blog post presents video training on the Source Direction Tandem Connection Monitoring-related Atomic Functions.

Lesson 11 – Video 2 – Tandem Connection Monitoring – Source Atomic Functions

This blog post contains a video that covers the Source-Direction Tandem Connection Monitoring (TCM) related Atomic Functions.

In particular, this video covers the following Atomic Functions

  • ODUT/ODU_A_So – ODUT to ODU Adaptation Source Function, and 
  • ODUT_TT_So – ODUT Trail Termination Source Function

In each case, we will discuss how these functions generate and handle an ODUT (ODU – Tandem Connection Monitoring) signal.

We will also define terms such as TCM Levels and Modes.  

Continue reading “OTN – Lesson 11 – Tandem Connection Monitoring – Source Atomic Functions”